Morocco has a lot of green spaces, since its mountains are covered with forests. On the flanks of the Atlas and the Rif grow oak and coniferous trees, including cedars. Around Agadir, there are argan trees whose fruits are used to make the famous oil used in cosmetics and cooking.
In the region of Rabat, there are cork oaks (Maâmora forest) and to the south, especially in the oases of the Dades and Drâa valleys, date palm plantations date. The plants characteristic of the agricultural part of the country, agave and opuntia, are often planted in hedges.
Their large pigeon leaves are preferable to the strongest artificial hedges.
Rows of plants protect pastures, olive groves and vegetable plantations. Moreover, the fruits of opuntia are considered by the Moroccans as real delights. Called Berber figs, they are rich in water and perfectly quench the thirst The houses and the terraces of the big cities also overflow with bougainvillea with richly colored flowers.
Morocco is also surprised by the variety and abundance of its fruit trees: fig trees, pistachio trees, olive trees, lemon trees, orange trees or mandarin trees, even if they only grow on artificially irrigated land. Moroccan fauna is not less rich. The waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea are rich in many species of fish and marine mammals, and even artificial rivers and lakes offer an interesting variety.
The Mediterranean is the habitat for, among others, tunas, swordfish and mules.
In antiquity, the latter were moreover what the infidels feared most, seeing that they were introduced to the fish in the anus to chastise them. The pain must certainly have been very painful, for the dorsal fin of the mullet has four hard spikes which run along its body. Once the spikes are spiked, it becomes extremely difficult to remove the fish.
In the area around the Strait of Gibraltar, porpoises and dolphins can be found. These marine mammals like to approach boats when they expect to receive treats. Dolphins are also found in the coastal areas of the Atlantic, where they are accompanied by bream and eels.
Shallow waters can hide octopods and limpets (molluscs in white round shells). When swimming, be careful of the sea urchins, because walking on it can be very painful.
In the bays and marshes of the ocean there are Cape ibis in the process of extinction. These are rather fearful birds that can only be seen by being very lucky in the national park of Souss-Massa, near Agadir.
In the mountains there are gazelles, wild boars and various species of monkeys. The most popular primate representatives are macaques (monkeys). This species known for its gaiety and its friendly attitude towards man lives mainly in the forests of cedars of the Middle Atlas.
It is their mimicry which is interesting: it is easy to spend hours observing the grimaces by which the macaques communicate in their group. In the High Atlas, one can admire the sky crossed by gigantic bearded vulture whose wingspan reaches almost 3 m.
Their address also deserves special attention: once high, they drop the prey of their claws so that it crashes on rocks in order to break their bones. They use the same method with turtles.
The desert, moreover, is the preferred territory of jackals and fennecs (foxes of the sands of the Sahara), famous thanks to the novel The Little Prince of the writer and pilot Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
In addition, the area of the Sahara is the kingdom of animals of smaller size, such as snakes (including venomous), turtles, scorpions or lizards among which Moroccan lizards and geckos. The stocky varans are characterized by their small head and long neck. When they run (and these are animals that move a lot), they raise their heads, which guarantees an extremely funny show.
But it is the geckos that are most easily encountered, especially in small villages. When the weather is cold, the reptiles warm themselves on the sunny walls of the houses and during a heat wave, they refresh themselves on shaded walls.
Kilim of stories The history of the country is impressive. Formerly, the Kingdom of Morocco was ruled by great leaders who built beautiful cities, conducted major military campaigns and expanded trade on a global scale. Moroccans are proud of their history and their pride influences the character of the country as it is known today.
Moroccans do not have complexes linked to their country.